RANCH STYLE

   The Ranch style of domestic architecture was originally based on the sprawling, single-story Spanish Colonial ranches of the Southwest but was modified as a suburban middle-class home in the 1930s to better accommodate the dramatically increased need for single-family housing in the United States, a need that peaked in the 1950s. The Ranch house first appeared in the quickly growing state of California, where the automobile allowed for easy access from the city to the suburbs and their less expensive, larger lots. Ranch homes featured large lots with big yards and a rambling, one-story style that dominated the space. Ranch homes feature a brick exterior with a front porch at ground level, covered by a long, low roofline and a hipped roof, shuttered windows, and simple trim. Inside, the houses feature a simple, open floor plan, often in an L shape, where sleeping areas are divided from living areas.
   Like the Usonian houses first adapted by Frank Lloyd Wright for more popular use, Ranch homes have a centrally located kitchen styled as the core of family life. Sliding glass doors open up into the backyard, echoing Wright's interest in the integration of the exterior and the interior of his homes. The Ranch house goes a step further, however, with the inclusion of a more informal recreational room in addition to the living room, and the addition of an attached garage. The increased length of a house with an attached garage provides an imposing façade and symbolizes the central importance of the automobile to this house design. Le Corbusier had incorporated automobile parking at the ground level of his Villa Savoye of 1929, but there the main living areas were elevated, in keeping with the more traditional domestic format of the piano nobile set above ground-floor storage areas.
   The most important aspects of the Ranch house, which have given this house style such an enduring appeal, are its "livability" for middle-class families, its flexibility in floor plan, and its simple, clean lines that allowed such homes to adapt easily to a variety of climates and blend into different types of neighborhoods. By the 1950s, the California Ranch, the Midwestern Ranch, and the Colonial Ranch were varieties of the Ranch house, the decade's most popular house type in the United States.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ranch-style house — Ranch style houses (also American Ranch, California Ranch, Rambler or Rancher) is an American domestic architectural style (although also found in Canada, Australia and New Zealand). First built in the 1920sfact|date=September 2008, the ranch… …   Wikipedia

  • Ranch-style House — Ranch style Houses bezeichnet eine typisch US amerikanische Bauform von Einfamilienhäusern. Die ersten Ranch Style Houses wurden in den 1930er Jahren gebaut, ihre Hauptbauzeit liegt in den 1950er und 1960er Jahren, als zunehmend Vorstädte für die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ranch dressing — is a condiment made of buttermilk or sour cream, mayonnaise, minced green onion, garlic powder, and other seasonings mixed into a sauce. Ranch dressing is one of the two most popular styles of salad dressing in the United States, together with… …   Wikipedia

  • Ranch — This article is about a type of land use and method of raising livestock. For information on people who handle cattle on ranches, see Cowboy. For other uses, see Ranch (disambiguation). View of the Grant Kohrs Ranch near Deer Lodge, Montana A… …   Wikipedia

  • Ranch (disambiguation) — A Ranch is a place where ranching, a process of raising livestock, especially cattle, is performed.Ranch may also refer to:*Ranch (brothel), a common term for a legal brothel *Ranch (house), the ranch owners house or a large house on a large plot …   Wikipedia

  • Ranch (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Un Ranch est un lieu où l élevage, un processus d élevage, notamment les bovins, est effectué. Ranch peut également se référer à: Ranch (maison close), un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ranch Rescue — is a volunteer organization that assists ranchers and owners of property near the United States Mexico border in the protection of their property. The organization claims that the protection is necessary due to damages caused by unauthorized… …   Wikipedia

  • ranch house — ☆ ranch house n. 1. the owner s residence on a ranch 2. a style of house in which all the rooms are on one floor, usually with a garage attached …   English World dictionary

  • ranch house — 1. the house of the owner of a ranch, usually of one story and with a low pitched roof. 2. Also called rambler. any one story house of the same general form, esp. one built in the suburbs. [1860 65, Amer.] * * * ▪ building       type of… …   Universalium

  • Dos Lomitas Ranch — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.